Types Of Butterflies | Comprehensive Guide


Understanding what to expect in the realm of butterflies is essential. The incredible diversity within their life cycle is perhaps the most captivating aspect. Moreover, with numerous variations in appearance and coloration, the emergence of butterflies appears to result from meticulous craftsmanship. These variations can include unexpected shades such as brown, black, and even vibrant technicolor, not commonly seen in nature.

The array of sizes and shapes among different butterfly species is a subject of fascination. You might recall conducting a science project on this during your elementary school days, a time when the curiosity to unveil the mysteries within chrysalises or cocoons was almost irresistible.

History of Butterflies

The history of butterflies reveals a captivating journey of evolution and adaptation. These exquisite insects, known for their vibrant colors and delicate wings, emerged millions of years ago as part of the intricate tapestry of Earth’s biodiversity. The fossil record provides evidence of their presence dating back to the Paleocene epoch, showcasing their resilience and longevity.

Over time, butterflies diversified into a multitude of species, each finely tuned to its ecological niche. Their remarkable life cycle, characterized by metamorphosis, has fascinated naturalists and scientists for centuries, unlocking insights into the mysteries of development and genetics. From ancient civilizations, where they symbolized transformation and rebirth, to modern scientific research uncovering the secrets of their migratory patterns, the history of butterflies continues to be a source of wonder and enlightenment, underscoring the importance of these fragile yet resilient creatures in our natural world.

Types of Butterflies

a black and pink colored butterfly on a flower

Numerous types of butterflies are wandering worldwide and recognizing them is not challenging because of the unique colors and patterns on their wings.

Blue Butterfly

First of all, we will discuss the butterflies that are blue or reflect the blue from any angle.

Blue Morpho Butterfly

The Blue Morpho butterfly lives in the rainforests of Central and South America. It is sought after by many because of its rare color and unparalleled brilliance. However, the Blue Morpho is not blue. Instead, light reflects off the wing scales, creating an optical illusion called iridescence.

Common Blue Butterfly

If you have an interest in finding common blue butterflies, you should visit the United Kingdom because of their large-scale availability. Females’ wings have a range of brown and blue colors on them.  However, it depends on the area you are looking for, England or Ireland. Most of the time, they are easy to find because of their widespread name, while they are rare in other areas.

Large Blue Butterfly

A large blue butterfly holds an old history. So naturally, it has “large” in its name, but the reality is something else. It is not so large and is not even wholly blue. In the 1970s, it was announced as an endangered species of blue butterfly in South England. It started becoming scarce around that time. From then to now, it has been very challenging to find them.

Yellow Butterfly

a yellow butterfly on yellow and pink flowers | types of butterflies

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly

Living east of the Mississippi River and in some areas of Mexico is the Eastern Tiger Swallowtail. They enjoy trees and live typically alone. However, male Eastern Tiger Swallowtails occasionally gather together and sip water in moist areas in a process known as puddling. Only rose and magnolia bushes are used by their females as nesting sites. Despite their unusual behavior, it is believed that locating this beautiful yellow butterfly is simple.


Malachite Butterflies are at home in Brazil, Mexico, the southern regions of Florida, and Texas. Male Malachite butterflies slow down their flying whenever they hunt for females, which is a fascinating fact about them. Malachites are present in wooded environments. This species hides in pairs behind plants.

Common Grass Yellow

The Common Grass Yellows inhabit wide-open meadows and frequently fly at low altitudes. The seasonal polyphenism phenomenon causes their bright hue to shift to a darker shade in the summer. While female grass yellows prefer isolation, we might find males in groups.

Black & White Butterfly

Apollo Butterfly

In literature, the Apollo butterfly is often referred to as crimson-ringed. It was discovered in the British Isles in 1803 and is found all over Central Europe. Apollo butterflies prefer mountains covered in rocky terrain and surrounded by wildflowers. According to specific research, the male Apollo butterfly would form the sphragis, also known as a mating plug, on the back of the female to ensure that she could not mate with another male again.

Malabar Tree Nymph

The Malabar Tree Nymph is unique to southwestern India’s Western Ghats. Their occasional hovering has earned them the moniker “Paperkite,” which describes their gliding flight style. Its great size and distinctive flying pattern have also allowed it to serve as the official state butterfly of Goa.

Common Mormon

The Common Mormon butterfly is undoubtedly eye-catching, but what makes these butterflies remarkable is the females’ capacity to pass for their male counterparts or a different butterfly. For example, the ability of common female Mormons to mimic poisonous swallowtails gives them a fighting chance against predators in the wild.

Orange Butterfly

Monarch Butterfly

The Monarch butterfly, one of the most well-known in the world, benefits from having wings that are simple to identify. Monarchs consume milkweed while they are in their larval phase, and once they are butterflies, they become immune to its toxicity. By the way, the female monarch even lays her eggs on milkweed. Predators are made aware that they would probably die if they ate a monarch, thanks to their adaptation to the poison and the color of their wings.

Gulf Fritillary

The Gulf Fritillary is notable for its preference for passion flowers. However, the color of the bloom is also up to you. It’s a typical butterfly, and in its caterpillar form, its body is a vibrant orange with protruding black spikes. It favors broad spaces and continuous sunshine. As a result, the southernmost region of the US is where the Gulf Fritillary may be found.

Leopard Lacewing

The leopard lacewing is a butterfly native to Southeast Asia. However, that was recently discovered to have made Singapore its home in or around 2005. The only butterflies with orange coloring are the males. In contrast to the female Leopard Lacewing, who remains motionless until mated, they do this to attract her attention and a mate.

Green Butterfly

Tailed Jay

This butterfly has individual green patterns over its wings, and these eye-catching patterns helped them get this name. The tailed jay is straightforward to breed in captivity. People are also making good money by selling them in the market. After the completion of the lifecycle, its beautiful green color changes into a yellow color.

Cairns Birdwing

Male cairns birdwings have brightly colored wings that add to the green color. Female species are more significant than males but do not contain many colors. This particular butterfly is widespread in Australia and has earned the title of “the giant butterfly” on the entire continent.

Emerald Swallowtail

The green color in the emerald swallowtail is a reflection against the blue and yellow colors, just like the Morpho butterfly. It means its color changes with the angle you see it from. One can find them in Southeast Asia and other areas nearby. This butterfly is also related to a species known as Ornithoptera.

Final Thoughts

One of the most exquisite animals on Earth is the butterfly. Unfortunately, they are becoming less common due to habitat degradation, collector hunting, the expansion of other exotic species, and the impact of chemicals. Many nations are working on conservation initiatives, but we must all do our share to ensure that we contribute. Learn how you can help the next time a rare species needs saving. We are all blessed by the presence of such beauty; let us not ignore it to extinction.

Mac Jiraiya
Hello, I am Mac Jiraiya and I'm currently posting articles for you. I have life experience in giving insects what they need and what is good for them.