The pouter pigeon is an attractive bird with an old history. You can find pigeons in the entire world because of being most common birds in the world as a whole. Above all, in ancient times, these birds were a source to send messages from one place to another when no internet or telephones were available. In today’s world, a pigeon is just a bird. But in the older world, its had an immense significance because it was considered the quickest way to deliver any message. Horses were also used for this purpose, but moving on a horse with an antiquated message was time-consuming due to obstacles and other reasons. Pigeons were able to carry your message in a short time, as they also used to fly in the air without hurdles. Despite it, people are habitually breeding it.


A quick detail about pouter pigeons

Grey pouter pigeons

A pigeon is a bird that is available throughout the world. A pouter is a special breed of pigeon famous as a fancy breed. When we look at these pigeons, a few of them have differenet appearances. Otherwise, to us, they look the same; surprisingly, pigeons have 30 species, and the pouter is one of them.

Typically, one variety is split into two sections; one of them is domestic, while the other is feral. Regarding their traits as domestication, they are easily trainable, domesticated, and pet-able. On the other hand, feral animals love to live in urban forests. potable

The domesticated Columba livia rock dove, known as a pouter pigeon, has an enormous, inflated crop. Moreover, they are ornamental or fancy breeds due to their unusual appearance.

The only thing pigeons have in common, aside from how the crop grows, is their wide variety. Pouters have been bred in Europe for at least 400 years, though it is uncertain where the breed originated.

Overall, they have a delicate but beautiful and aristocratic appearance. They carry themselves with such grace and dignity. They are naturally quiet and calm birds and behave well most of the time.

Physical appearance of pouter pigeon bird

They have fantastic looks, and are slim and oversize in height compared to other varieties. The fact that they are striking and their attraction makes them fancy and ornamental birds. Moreover, pouters have strong, high-stepping legs between the toes and knees, while their average height is almost 16 inches.

Moreover, their distinctive hallmarks include a vast, swollen crop and an expandable chest. After hallmark sign, our next points is their colors, and they are easy to spot in many colors, like black, blue, silver, yellow, red, and dun. In addition, it has a dove-shaped head, which is small to its body size. While about one-third of its length is made up of long, narrow, and v-shaped waste.

Pigeons’ eyes are very complex, and they often catch diseases. High-quality pigeons should have vivid black pupils, not off-gray ones, as this is one sign of good vision. Although rectangular pupils are occasionally encountered in high-quality birds, well-rounded pupils are typically expected. They often have a vast, well-inflated circular belly, sharply sprung from the waist, and a lengthy neck. The English pouter pigeon’s wings are high, thin, and close to the body.

Pouter pigeon breeds

There are numerous species of pouter pigeons. A few of them are below.

Brunner pouter

White Brunner pouter

Brunner the Pouter domestic fancy pigeons originated in the Czech Republic. It genuinely developed over a long period of time by selective breeding in the Brunn region of the Czech Republic. Above all, the wild or feral rock pigeon is the ancestor of this breed and other domestic pigeon species. One of the most well-known blower breeds is this one. Moreover, it is the smallest of the pouter pigeon varieties.

Dutch cropper

Dutch Cropper's wings on legs

Although the Dutch Cropper pigeon’s name strongly suggests and confirms that the species developed in the Netherlands, the precise facts of its development are not entirely clear. Therefore, the Ghent Cropper, the Pomeranian Pouter, the English Pouter, the French Pouter, and the Saxon Pouter are all ancestors of the Dutch Cropper Pigeon, which is indicated by its former name of Old Holland Pouter. These birds have a history in mainland Europe that dates back at least 400 years. It is a fancy breed now, kept chiefly for show purposes.

Elster cropper

black, white elster cropper

The German Magpie Cropper Pigeons are also famous as Boulant Pie, Elsterkröpfer, and Gozzuto Pica. These are breeds thought to have originated in Germany, specifically as pets in Bohemia, later spreading to Silesia, Saxony, and Saxony Anhalt.

This breed of pigeon, known as a “Pouter-Cropper,” has been developed in several nations, including Poland, Denmark, Austria, the Netherlands, Scotland, France, the United States, and Australia. Although these types know their ability to fly, the show has been the focus of their evolution.

Ghent cropper

black and white ghent cropper

The Ghent cropper is frequently famous as the “pearl” of all pouters. This distinguished title is well-deserving for him. The Ghent pouter originated in Flanders and the Netherlands, primarily in the area surrounding the city of Ghent. Since 1400, numerous well-known classic painters have produced paintings of them.

For a long time, the Ghent cropper was referred to as a “Striker.” This is because, particularly during flights, he can slap his wings together forcefully. He’s a top-notch airman. The Ghent port should be enormous and comprehensive, and he should be carrying a giant globe. He must project a solid and bulky appearance.

English Pouter

2 English Pouter

Domestic fancy pigeons from the United Kingdom include the English Pouter breed. After many years of artificial selection, it finally came into being in England. Charles Darwin wrote in The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication that it is a tall breed with an expanded crop and noted its peculiarity.

All kinds of domesticated pigeons, including the English pouter pigeon, are derived from wild or feral birds. According to William Bernhardt Tegetmeier, the breed began through the cross-breeding of the old pigeon breeds, the Dutch Cropper, Upper, and the Parisian Pouter. The English pouter bird is where the contemporary cropper pigeon breeds, including the Norwich Cropper, started. Read on for more details on this breed.

Granadino pouter

White Granadino pouter

Exquisite pigeon, Spain’s Andalusia region, is the source of the Granadino pouter kind, a descendant of the ancient Ladino race that thrived in Granada during the 18th century. Different types of variations exist.

Despite recent developments, Cropper retains excellent flying skills and is a well-known figure in the klangenan community. It typically flies with a leisurely and graceful technique, with puffed gizzards, divided tail feathers, and a nicely rounded body.

Pygmy pouter pigeon

Black and White Pygmy pouter pigeon

One of the Pygmy Pouters, it tilts back and stands on its tiptoes like a Fantail. The bird should have the appearance of a spherical ball on legs. Amsterdam, the Netherlands, is where the Holle Cropper pigeon originated. It is a very old breed, and it’s precise birthdate is unknown.

Holle cropper

Brown Holle cropper

The Holle Cropper pigeon is a domestic fancy pigeon breed native to the Netherlands. The Amsterdam Balloon Cropper is what it became after many years of meticulous breeding. The origin of all domesticated pigeon breeds is the feral or wild rock pigeon, including this one.

One of the Pygmy pouters tilts back and stands on its tiptoes like a fantail. The bird should have the appearance of a round ball on its legs. Amsterdam, the Netherlands, is where the origin of the Holle Cropper Pigeon took place. It is an ancient breed, and its precise birthdate is unknown.

Norwich cropper

Black and White Norwich cropper

Domestic fancy pigeons include the Norwich Cropper breed. It took many years of selective breeding to evolve in the Norfolk region of England. The feral or wild rock pigeon is the ancestor of all domestic pigeon breeds, including this one. It is difficult to trace this breed’s earlier history. However, it is believed that the breed originated from the Dutch breed known as the Oploper.

A medium-sized to giant bird with a stunning look, the Norwich Cropper pigeon. It is a little bird that stands straight up, nearly on tiptoes. It can sustain the inflation of its crop for a very long time.

Horseman thief pouter

Grey Horseman thief pouter

Historically, Horseman Thief Pouters were used to catch other pigeons for entertainment. Further, it indicates that Spain is the origin of the pastime of using pigeons to catch other pigeons, It subsequently made its way through northern Europe to other places before reaching Great Britain. The Horseman Thief Pouter is the most popular thief pouter in this area. Many folks who use these birds in the thieving sport refer to Horseman as “Big Doos,” their colloquial moniker.

Health issues

Disease transmission through the droppings of pigeons is widespread. Numerous illnesses, including Histoplasmosis, Pigeon Ornithosis, Salmonella, Cryptococcosis, Toxoplasmosis, and encephalitis, can be spread by pigeons. Numerous ectoparasites can live on pigeons, including those that bite and spread diseases such as ticks, flies, fleas, mites, and pigeon lice.


Numerous people want to keep the pouters, but they have many questions in their minds. These queries are mostly on social media.

What pigeon breed is the rarest?

A species of pigeon unique to Mauritius is the pink pigeon, which belongs to the Columbidae family. In the 1970s and 1990s, the pink pigeon was on the verge of extinction and is still extremely rare.

Can English pouter pigeons fly?

The reason for the creation of the Horseman Thief Pouter was to have a high sexual drive, to be agile in flight, to have an excellent homing instinct, and to have the capacity and intent to attract other pigeons, possibly as early as the 17th century.

What does a “sitting pigeon” mean?

The most common reason you will find a pigeon in the roosting position is that it is incubating eggs. Pigeon sitting, on the other hand, is unhealthy. Moreover, when a pouter is not feeling well, pigeons sit around lazily.

What types of feathers do pigeons have?

There are three types of pigeon feathers. The contour feathers, which constitute the body’s covering, the filoplumes between the contour feathers, and the big quill feathers on the wings and tails are all used for flying.

What is the pouter pigeon price?

When it comes to the price of this beautiful bird, it varies according to its age, breed, and other factors. However, if we talk about a common pouter pigeon price, it stands near 150 to 200 dollars.

Final thoughts

In Conclusion, This breed of pigeon is a fancy pigeon. Additionally, It raises chiefly for exhibition or display purposes. Like other pouter breeds, it is renowned for its outstanding personality. These birds have excellent manners and are often peaceful. They are particularly famous for being quite amiable. However, The breed is fantastic for raising as pets even though it is an exhibition or shows breed. When sick, it requires more attention.

Hello, I am Matthew Isaac have a passion for birds and a wealth of knowledge in the field. As someone who has dedicated my career to working with birds, I am excited to share my expertise through my writing. My articles cover many birds related topics, including their behavior, biology, habitats, and conservation. Whether you are a seasoned bird watcher or just starting to explore the world of avian creatures, my articles will provide valuable insights and practical advice that will help you deepen your understanding and appreciation of birds. From bird identification and species-specific information to bird care and welfare, I am committed to sharing accurate, helpful, and engaging content that will inspire and inform readers from all backgrounds and levels of experience.