Albinism in Animals and Birds: How Common is Albinism in Animals?

white bird and pet

Albinism is a rare genetic condition that affects the production of melanin, the pigment that gives skin, hair, and eyes their color. Moreover, it affects every living thing, from humans to animals and birds. According to the National Organization for Albinism and Hyperpigmentation (NOAH), among every 17,000 individuals, 1 person faces this medical condition. We realize that humans facing pigmentation are easy to locate because they live with humans. At the same time, regarding albinism in animals and birds, many of these living things live away from humans in forests and woodlands, so it is challenging to describe their albinism level.

Though different organizations are still trying to discover the actual number of albinism in animals and birds, locating all of them is very challenging. Researchers use various methods to find living things with particular medical conditions. If we talk about these methods, there are different procedures which require a lot of effort, like mark-recapture studies, aerial surveys, use of genetic data, etc.

This blog aims to know how common albinism is in animals and birds, so we will discuss various animals and birds here that face albinism. Many different parts should be observed in this blog, like what albinism is and how it affects animals. Moreover, the number of albinism in animals and birds, methods used to figure out the number of living things with albinism, and challenges they face due to being albino. So, have an initiative to learn about albinism and how it affects living things other than humans.

What is albinism, and how does it affect animals and birds?

Melanin, the pigment responsible for skin, hair, and eye color, is absent in animals and birds with albinism, a hereditary disorder. Animals with albinism cannot synthesize this pigment, which results in the appearance of white or ashen fur, feathers, and eyes. They have an uncommon ailment that impairs their eyesight and makes them extremely sensitive to sunlight, frequently leading to eye issues. Because the gene that causes albinism is recessive, albino people are highly uncommon in the animal kingdom. For a child to exhibit this condition, both parents must have albinism. Because of this, albino animals are a distinctive sight that frequently arouses excitement and curiosity in people lucky enough to see them.

Furthermore, if we talk about the challenges they face due to being albino are also very prominent. Albinism is fascinating, but it presents serious problems for animals and birds. Because of their lack of melanin and unmistakable appearance, they are more susceptible to predators. Further complicating their struggle to survive in the wild is their poor vision, which makes it difficult for them to hunt or graze properly. These elements, together with the condition’s rarity, add to the rarity of albino animal and bird sightings, which fills people with amazement and surprise when they do.

Albinism affect many animals and birds, monkey,rabbit, mouse, snake, lizard, peacock and turtle

Now, it is time to discuss how common this medical condition is in different animals and birds.

How common is albinism in animals and birds?

Although it can happen to any species, including people, it most frequently affects birds, reptiles, and amphibians. In contrast, albinism occurs once per 10,000 births in animals. At one in every 1,764 births, the rate is more significant in birds. It is most likely a result of birds reproducing more frequently than mammals. Moreover, a gene or genes that govern the formation of melanin, the pigment that gives animals their colour, can mutate, leading to albinism. The skin’s melanin also shields it from the sun’s damaging UV radiation.

After getting familiar with the number of albino birds and animals, let us see different birds suffering from albinism.

Albino Birds

Yes, many bird species face albinism, while some of the common examples are:

Albino pigeon Albino peacock
Albino robin Albino blue jay
Albino cardinal Albino owl
Albino hawk Albino eagle
Albino swan Albino flamingo
Albino parrot Albino penguin

These are just a few examples; many other bird species can be albino. Additionally, in animals, albinism numbers may be less than in birds, but species numbers vary greatly. Move ahead to see the names of albino animals!

Albino Animals

Albino animals lack the pigment melanin in their skin, hair, and eyes. It can be caused by a genetic mutation that prevents melanin production or by a condition called vitiligo, which causes the loss of melanin-producing cells.

Here are some examples of albino animals:

Alligators Chimpanzees
Crows Dolphins
Elephants Frogs
Giraffes Gorillas
Kangaroos Lions
Mice Monkeys
Opossums Pandas
Parrots Peacocks
Penguins Porcupines
Porpoises Pythons
Rabbits Rats
Rhinoceroses Sea turtles
Sharks Snakes
Spiders Squirrels
Tigers Whales
Wolves Zebras

Albino animals are often more vulnerable to predators than their normally pigmented counterparts, as they are more easily seen. However, they can still live long and healthy lives, especially captivity.

The chapter on albino animals and birds closes here, and it is time to see what methods researchers utilize to get their numbers.

Methods to identify the number of Albino animals and birds

Researchers have various approaches to discovering the number of animals and birds with albinism. However, we will discuss a few of them to add to your knowledge.

Mark recapture method

Utilizing mark-recapture experiments is one popular strategy. In this research, albino animals or birds are taken as a sample, marked, and then released back into the wild. After some time, the scientists catch a portion of the population again to count how many of the marked animals or birds are still around. The population size may be calculated using the number of notable animals or birds recaptured.

Survey conduction

Conducting surveys is another technique researchers might use to calculate the numbers of albino animals and birds. The number of albino animals or birds that the researchers observe in a particular region is counted in this kind of study. The population density of albino animals or birds in that region may be estimated using this information.

Aerial surveys

The number of albino animals or birds in a sizable region can also be counted by researchers using aerial surveys. Researchers conduct this kind of study by flying an aircraft or a helicopter over a particular area and counting the number of albino animals or birds they spot. This data may be used to calculate the overall number of albino animals or birds in the region.

Genetic data method

Researchers can estimate the populations of albino animals and birds using genetic data and these techniques. The number of various albinos in a population may be determined using genetic data. This data may be used to calculate the overall number of albino animals or birds in the region.


Albinism is a rare genetic condition that affects the production of melanin, the pigment that gives skin, hair, and eyes colors. Moreover, with humans, many animals and birds are victim of it. The commonness in these living things affects one in every 10,000 animals, while one in every 1764 birds. Albinism leads them to have some challenging situations which are threats to them. At the same time, the names of some animals and birds are listed above. Lastly, we discussed different methods to identify the number of albino animals and birds researchers use.


Are doves albino pigeons?

No, white pigeons are domestic pigeons that the “dove release” industry refers to as “doves” to profit from people’s favorable perception of doves while also taking advantage of pigeons’ propensity for homing.

What albino snake is the rarest?

Due to the small number of hatchlings that genuinely have the characteristic “albino” coloration, the albino Burmese is rare. Due to a hereditary defect in the DNA, an albino person cannot make melanin, which causes their skin or scales to be white. Burmese pythons are typically dark brown in hue in the wild.

How rare is an albino monkey?

Albinism makes white monkeys among primates a rare occurrence. Only a few numbers have been observed by experts, making them a rare sight in the wild.

Can albino animals hear?

Animals may also be born deaf due to congenital deafness. Merle, piebald, and albino animals are more likely to be born deaf, according to specific research. However, some creatures don’t even have hearing as a biological sense. Therefore, it is natural for their bodies to be deaf or almost deaf.

Is there any heartless albino animal?

No, all the albino animals have hearts. Though it confuses many people, these people should consider that all animals or birds with albinism have a skin problem without connection with internal parts.

Phill Casidy
I’m a pet blogger and pet copywriter for outstanding pet industry businesses & product description writer. My mission is to educate pet owners to help them become the best advocates for their pets’ health and happiness.